Hardly any Czech and foreign customers or even manufacturers of selfwatering vessels guess it is a Czech invention. The Invention Copyright Certificate for „a device to water plants from bottom up“ was issued to Mr Syrovátka MD as early as in 1982. So the invention in itself is more than 30 years old.
Putting it simply, a selfwatering flowerpot represents a system of two fitting vessels with wicks. The wicks are led from one vessel to the other through openings in one of them bringing reservoir water from the bottom vessel to the top one where there is substrate with plans. An air gap between the vessels makes sure the air can access the substrate and the roots area.
„Thanks to watering through wicks the plants can grow rampantly and bloom fully. Moisture brought in by the wicks turns an occasional watering into a continuous irrigation, which is more appropriate for most plants and better resembles the natural conditions where the soil retains enough of the moisture in the long term,“ says Mr Tomáš Syrovátka MD, the holder of the patent that makes it possible to grow successfully the widest spectrum of potted plants in apartments, on balconies and loggie, or even some species of mushrooms for household use. Year round it suits fine a large majority of plants and mushrooms grown and brings better growing results. It eliminates the alternate waterlogging and desiccation of the substrate, which many plants find hard to tolerate. The faster plants draw water from the substrate, the faster it is fed into the substrate through fiberglass or polypropylene wicks. The irrigation water can contain a fertilizer too.